Family functionality in pediatric asthma patients in a public hospital in Sonora, Mexico.

Gabriela Vázquez Armenta, Francisca Cecilia Ramírez Enríquez, Diana Gabriela Trejo Ramos, Jaime Guadalupe Valle Leal, Cruz Mónica López-Morales

Abstract


Introduction: The family and psychological approaches in asthma patients are essential because a dysfunctional family can increase asthma symptoms of the sick child. Aim: To determine family functioning and classification of asthma in pediatric patients, and the condition in the areas that comprises it. Method: A cross-sectional study in asthmatic patients treated in pediatrics Regional General Hospital No. 1 between April and July 2015 was done. Asthma severity was classified in response to the GINA 2010 guide. The Dr. Emma Espejel Scale of Family Functioning was applied to the patient's family. Results: The male presented more severe asthma by 70%, especially in school age. The dysfunction of the control area of family dynamics in the Mexican family impact on the severity of asthma. Discussion and Conclusion: 50% of families with a carrier member of asthma reflect dysfunction; control area was the most affected. Family and psychological approaches in patients with asthma are basic to prevent changes in family function.


Keywords


Asthma; family; children



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20320/rfcsudes.v3i1.106

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E-ISSN: 2422-1074