Postural deficiencies in the static bipedal body alignment of students in a private university from Colombia

Sandra Yohana Quintero-Moya, Paula Camila Ramírez-Muñoz, Martha Patricia Cabrales, Luz Amanda Bueno-Balaguer

Abstract


Introduction: Identifying the most prevalent postural deficiencies in a population allows the design interventions aimed at promoting adequate postural habits with a risk approach. Objective: To determine the postural deficiencies in the static bipedal body alignment and to explore gender differences in students in a private university from Bucaramanga, Colombia. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional study in a sample of 123 college students aged 18 to 29 years old. An expert on posture conducted the postural examination by analyzing seven printed photographs: one posterior, two right side, two left side and two anterior. We examined 94 deficiencies that were registered in the Body Alignment´s Systematic Observation Form (BASOF). Results: The main postural deficiencies in college women studied were head forward (Right side plane [RSP]: 85.3%; Left side plane [LSP]: 86.8%), shoulders protruded (RSP: 83.8%, LSP: 79.4%), left shoulder high (51.5%), decreased left torso-arm distance (50%), lumbar lordosis (RSP: 67.7%; LSP: 67.7%), anteverted pelvis (RSP: 67.7%, LSP: 67.7%), abdominal protrusion (RSP: 79.4; LSP: 79.5%), knee hyperextended (RSP: 50.0%, LSP: 62.2 %) and left and right valgus Achilles with 51.5% and 60.3% respectively. While men had head forward (RSP: 92.7%, LSP: 92.7%), shoulders protruded (RSP: 76.4%, LSP: 81.8%), left shoulder high (54.6%), decreased right torso-arm distance (70.9%), abdominal protrusion (RSP: 60.0%, LSP: 60.0%), dorsal kyphosis (RSP: 60.0%, LSP: 60.0%) and right tendon Achilles valgus (52.7%). Conclusion: There were gender specific deficiencies, which should be taken into account in future interventions.


Keywords


Posture; young adult; evaluation



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20320/rfcsudes.v3i1.108

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